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USA Parks
Wyoming
Central Region
Fort Laramie National Historical Site
FORT LARAMIE NATIONAL HISTORICAL SITE
FORT LARAMIE NATIONAL HISTORICAL SITE
Fort Laramie- the Crossroads of a Nation Moving West. This unique historic place preserves and interprets one of America's most important locations in the history of westward expansion and Indian resistance.

In 1834, where the Cheyenne and Arapaho travelled, traded and hunted, a fur trading post was created. Soon to be known as Fort Laramie, it rested at a location that would quickly prove to be the path of least resistance across a continent. By the 1840s, wagon trains rested and resupplied here, bound for Oregon, California and Utah.

In 1849 as the Gold Rush of California drew more westward, Fort Laramie became a military post, and for the next 41 years, would shape major events as the struggle between two cultures for domination of the northern plains increased into conflict. In 1876, Fort Laramie served as an anchor for military operations, communication, supply and logistics during the "Great Sioux War."

Fort Laramie closed, along with the frontier it helped shape and influence in 1890. Its legacy is one of peace and war, of cooperation and conflict; a place where the west we know today was forged. We invite you to discover and explore the many crossroads that was, and still is Fort Laramie. For more, click "In Depth" in the upper right. Or, click below to go to the NPS History Page. Use the search feature for: Fort Laramie.
History of the Area
One of the most memorable shrines in Western America is to be found in Eastern Wyoming, at the junction of the Laramie and North Platte Rivers. Here preserved as a National Historic Site are the restored remains of Old Fort Laramie, 1834-1890. Perhaps no other place equals its star role in the long epic of frontier history. Few others equal it as a vivid reminder of a heroic past.

Serving successively as log stockade, adobe trading post, and evolving military post, Fort Laramie was a classic setting for the colorful pageant of the West. Explorers, trappers, traders, missionaries, emigrants, freighters, Pony Express riders, stage drivers, cowboys, and homesteaders, as well as soldiers and Indians, all perceived Fort Laramie - whether camp-ground, way-station, provision point, fortification, or temporary home - as a unique island of civilization in the Big Sky wilderness, where the Great Plains merge with the Rocky Mountains.

The key to Fort Laramie's importance was its strategic location on the great central continental migration corridor via the Platte and North Platte Rivers to South Pass. By tradition this is most commonly known as the Oregon Trail.


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Nature Programs
Junior Ranger Program

Become a Fort Laramie Junior Ranger!

Pick up a Fort Laramie Jr. Ranger booklet at the Visitor Center. It's like a scavenger hunt to find information and clues about the fort. Earn a Junior Ranger Badge. Available year-round.
Area Attractions
National Park Service Areas:

Agate Fossil Beds National Monument, 78mi

Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument, 340mi

Devils Tower National Monument, 212mi

Scotts Bluff National Monument, 52mi

Chimney Rock National Historic Site, 75mi

Other Attractions:

Fort Kearny State Historic Site

Bozeman Trail Information
Visitor Comments, Memories and Reviews


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Directions
Plane: Nearest flight services at Denver CO and Scottsbluff NE.

Car: Located in Southeast Wyoming, along State Hwy 26. At the town of Fort Laramie, turn South on State Route 160. Follow three miles to the park entrance.

USA Parks
Wyoming
Central Region
Fort Laramie National Historical Site
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