BIG TALBOT ISLAND STATE PARK
Located on one of Northeast Florida?s unique sea islands, Big Talbot Island State Park is primarily a natural preserve providing a premier location for nature study, bird-watching, and photography. Explore the diverse island habitats by hiking Blackrock Trail to the shoreline, Big Pine Trail to the marsh or Old Kings Highway and Jones Cut through the maritime forest.
Launch a boat from the north end of the island to fish and tour the salt marsh or rent a kayak and take a guided paddle tour with Kayak Amelia, (888) 30-KAYAK (305-2925). Kayak tours require advanced reservation.
Visit The Bluffs and enjoy a picnic at one of the pavilions overlooking the water or take a quick stroll down the trail to Boneyard Beach. The unique beach is famous for the salt washed skeletons of live oak and cedar trees that once grew near the shore. While visiting this unique park, please take only photos. The use of a metal detector is prohibited in the park and removal of driftwood or artifacts from the park is also prohibited.
Big Talbot Island State Park is a great place for viewing shore birds and marsh birds. Along the beach you can see black skimmers, piping plovers, terns (including the threatened least tern), and brown pelicans. In the marshes you might find the endangered wood stork, egrets, herons, ibis and osprey. Venturing inland you might find barred owls, painted buntings, doves and woodpeckers.
The Talbot Islands have experienced over six thousand years of human activity and tens of thousands of years of natural forces. In 4000 B.C., when the earliest evidence for human occupation can be dated, the climate was much as it is today.
Inhabitants, known to scholars as the Archaic people, began to adapt to the marine environment and developed into what is now known as the St. Johns culture. Signs of this long-lasting culture are evident on Big Talbot Island. The St. John?s culture was still being practiced when the first Europeans arrived in the 1500?s.
The Europeans called the inhabitants of the area, the Timucua. This area was explored and settled by Spanish, French, and English people throughout 1500?s and 1600?s.
General James Oglethorpe, named the Talbot Islands in 1735 in honor of Charles Baron Talbot, the Lord High Chancellor of England. By the late 1700?s, all of Florida?s original inhabitants had died off from disease and warfare.
Starting during the brief British period (1763-83), and continuing through the Second Spanish period (1783-1821), the island was used for plantation agriculture. Oranges, sugar, indigo, and cotton were grown on the islands. Prominent planters of this period included Spicer Christopher, John Houston, John McQueen, and Zephaniah Kingsley.
In 1984 Big Talbot Island opened as a State Park. Today, the island attracts many visitors to its unique cultural and natural heritage.
Access to Big Talbot?s shore is easiest from the Shoreline Trail at the Bluffs access. The trail is located at the north end of the parking area and it is a quick 10 minute walk to the beach. This is a non-bathing beach, but you are welcome to wade out and cool off. For thousands of years driftwood has been washing up upon the shore of Big Talbot. This driftwood is a protected natural resource that offers not only scenic beauty, but is a source of shelter and food for the plants and animals that live in this habitat. Be sure to bring your camera, so you can take your memories home with you.
Boating abounds all around Big Talbot Island. Numerous tidal creeks along the Intra-costal Waterway are easily accessible via power boats and kayaks. The Atlantic Ocean is just around the corner.
For fishing and boating enthusiasts, Big Talbot's boat ramp is the gateway to bountiful fishing grounds. The deep-water ramp has a floating dock that provides easy access to the Intra-coastal Waterway, Nassau Sound, and the Atlantic Ocean. The ramp is located on the north end of Big Talbot. Remember to file a float plan and ALWAYS carry proper communication and safety equipment!
Canoeing & Kayaking
Located between Big Talbot Island and Little Talbot Island, Kayak Amelia is Talbot Islands State Parks? canoe and kayak visitor service provider. Kayak Amelia offers everything from canoe and kayak rentals to special focus guided trips. The facility provides local information including maps, safety guidance, and possible routes. Inside the concession you will find snacks and drinks, restrooms, and souvenirs.
Kayak Amelia offers numerous types of guided paddles including: birding paddles, tai-chi paddles, sunset and full-moon paddles, as well as special focus paddles. All guided trips include instruction, snack, and interpretation.
With the large tracts of saltwater marsh that surrounds Big Talbot Island, this is unquestionably a prime area for fishing. With a little luck and skill whiting, redfish and speckled sea trout are just a cast away all year long. During the spring and fall, baitfish and shrimp can be caught in many of the creeks and along the shoreline. A morning canoe trip through the marsh can easily result in an evening fish-fry. Fly fishing has become very popular throughout the islands as ?tailing? reds venture onto the flats during the fall and spring flood tides. A map of Big Talbot and its marshes can be obtained at the Little Talbot Island State Park Ranger Station.