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USA Parks
California
Northern California Region
Redwood National Park
REDWOOD NATIONAL PARK
REDWOOD NATIONAL PARK
1111 Second Street
Crescent City, California   95531

Phone: 707-464-6101
Redwood National Park
© Scott M. Jarvie

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Redwood National Park
© Daniel Ewert c 2008

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Redwood National Park
© Daniel Ewert c 2008

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Redwood National Park
© Daniel Ewert c 2008

website

Redwood National Park
'Redwood grove'

Redwood National Park
'Redwoods core'

Redwood National Park
'Redwood Tree n Me'

Redwood National Park
© All photographs and artworks in this portfolio are copyrighted and owned by the artist, Luca Renoldi. Any reproduction, modification, publication, transmission, transfer, or exploitation of any of the content, for personal or commercial use, whether in whole or in part, without written permission from myself is prohibited. All rights reserved.

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Redwood National and State Parks are home to some of the world's tallest trees: old-growth coast redwoods. They can live to be 2000 years old and grow to over 300 feet tall. Spruce, hemlock, Douglas-fir, berry bushes, and sword ferns create a multiple canopied understory that towers over all visitors. The parks' mosaic of habitats include prairie/oak woodlands, mighty rivers and streams, and 37 miles of pristine Pacific coastline. Cultural landscapes reflect American Indian history. The more recent logging history has led to much restoration of these parks.

Three California state parks and the National Park Service unit represent a cooperative management effort of the National Park Service and California Department of Parks and Recreation. They are Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park, Del Norte Coast Redwoods State Park, Jedediah Smith Redwoods State Park, and Redwood National Park, comprising 45 percent of all the old-growth redwood forest remaining in California.

Together these parks are a World Heritage Site and International Biosphere Reserve, protecting resources cherished by citizens of many nations.
Nature of the Area
Wildlife:

A variety of wildlife species call RNSP home. The diversity of ecosystems in the parks means that creatures as different as black bears, sea stars, and bald eagles can be seen by a lucky visitor in a single day. In addition to the more common inhabitants, many threatened and endangered species rely on the parks' old-growth forests, open prairies, estuaries, and the coastline for crucial havens of survival.

Marine mammals such as sea lions and gray whales are among the most visible wildlife in the parks. Visitors are also likely to see Roosevelt elk browsing in the prairies. Pelicans, ospreys, and gulls are frequently spotted along the coast. Of course, tidepool creatures aren't likely to run very far at your approach, so anenomes and crabs are easy to spot too.

While you're out watching wildlife at RNSP, remember that all wildlife is protected in the parks. Never feed or approach animals such as bears, mountain l

ions, elk, chipmunks, racoons, or rabbits. Please treat the members of this natural community with respect.

Vegetation:

At RNSP, visitors often come just to see the redwoods. They are the world's tallest trees, but they are also just one species in an incredibly varied ecosystem. From the wind-pruned, salt-tolerant Sitka spruce by the seaside, to the cool, moist redwood groves, and sunny, open grasslands of the prairies, visitors can find an interconnected community of greenery.

In this narrow zone where land meets sea, salt-laden winds, cold fog-shrouded days, steep slopes, and sandy beaches conspire against plants. Only the toughest survive. Their stunted size and wind-pruned shapes bear witness to an ongoing bout with the parks' harshest environment.

Dunes shift with the action of wind and water. Beach pea, beach strawberry, and sand verbena adapt to this dynamic environment by anchoring themselves with long runners on or below the surface.

Hardy Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis), able to withstand salt winds and harsh conditions better than other conifers, dominate the most exposed forest sites. Crescent Beach, Gold Bluffs Beach, Freshwater Lagoon Spit, and the Coastal Trail are great places to discover these tenacious maritime residents.

The coast redwood (Sequoia semperviren) and Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) are the two dominant trees of the old-growth redwood forest. The species associated with redwood groves varies according to whether an area is upland, streamside (riparian), along a flood plain (alluvial), or close to the ocean.

Salt spray and salt-laden wind injure redwoods; the beach, dune, and scrub communities provide the coast redwood with a buffer from the harsh coastal climate.

he protected valleys and alluvial flats found along streams and creeks provide ideal growing conditions for the coast redwood, with many trees exceeding 300 feet (100 meters) in height. Other trees include hardwoods such as tanoak (Lithocarpus densiflora), madrone (Arbutus menziesii), big-leaf maple (Acer macrophyllum), California bay or laurel (Umbellularia californica), and red alder (Alnus rubra). Sword fern (Polystichum munitum) and redwood sorrel (Oxalis oregana) are the most common members of redwoods' understory, and are accompanied by rhododendron (Rhododendron macrophyllum), huckleberry (Vaccinium spp.), salal (Gaultheria shallon), azalea (Rhododendron occidentele), and other shrubs.

On dry, windy slopes and ridges, redwood growth is limited by water stress. Here, trees may reach an average height of 200 feet (61 meters) or less.

At higher elevations, and further inland, redwood seedling establishment is limited by hotter, drier conditions, and the redwood forest gives way to a mixed evergreen forest. Dry forest species include Douglas-fir, tanoak, madrone, California bay, chinquapin (Chrysolepis chrysophylla), canyon live oak (Quercus chysolepis), and Jeffrey pine (Pinus jeffreyi).
History of the Area
Logging:

When Euro-Americans swept westward in the 1800s, they needed raw material for their homes and lives. Commercial logging followed the expansion of America as companies struggled to keep up with the furious pace of progress. Timber harvesting quickly became the top manufacturing industry in the west.

When gold was discovered in northwestern California in 1850, the rush was on. Thousands crowded the remote redwood region in search of riches and new lives. These people were no less dependent upon lumber, and the redwoods conveniently provided the wood the people needed. By 1853, nine sawmills were at work in Eureka, a gold boom town established three years prior due to the gold boom. Large-scale logging was soon underway and the once immense stands of redwoods began to disappear by the close of the 19th century.

By the 1910s, some concerned citizens began to clamor for the preservation of the dwindling stands of redwoods. The Save-the-Redwoods League was born out of this earnest group, and eventually the League succeeded in helping to establish the redwood preserves of Jedediah Smith Redwoods State Park, Del Norte Coast Redwoods State Park, and Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park.

But still logging continued in those parts of the forests that were privately owned, accelerated by WW II and the economic boom of the 1950s. By the 1960s, logging had consumed nearly 90 percent of all the original redwoods. It wasn't until 1968 that Redwood National Park was established, which secured some of the few remaining stands of uncut redwoods. In 1978, Congress added more land that included logged-over portions of Redwood Creek. Today, these lands are undergoing large-scale restoration by the parks' resource managers. Logging continues on privately-held lands nearby and throughout the redwood region.

Save the Redwoods League:

When redwood logging reached a fever pitch by the 1890s, most of the redwood forests had become privately owned. Though some people had previously proposed the idea of preservation, the huge demand for lumber in America made it impossible at the time.

By the late 1910s, it became obvious that the last remaining stands of old-growth redwoods were about to disappear. Because the trees had been linked with fossil records millions of years old, they were looked upon as a living link with the past. Thus, the urge to protect these last stands came not from an aesthetic concern, but rather a scientific one.

Paleontologists Henry Fairfield Osborn of the American Museum of Natural History, Madison Grant of the New York Zoological Society, and John C. Merriam of the University of California at Berkeley founded the Save-the-Redwoods League in 1918. The League was formed as a nonprofit organization dedicated to buying redwood tracts for preservation. Through donations and matching state funds, the League bought over 100,000 acres of redwood forest between 1920 and 1960.

The majority of these purchases consisted of North Coast redwood groves. The California Department of Parks and Recreation created Jedediah Smith Redwoods State Park, Del Norte Coast Redwoods State Park, Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park, and Humboldt Redwoods State Park in the early 1920s with these lands. Today the League continues its protective work in partnership with RNSP.

The Memorial Grove Program of the Save-the-Redwoods League was started in 1921 when the first large donation was given to the League to purchase and dedicate a redwood grove. Now more than 700 memorial and honor groves, named for individuals and organizations, have been established in California State Parks and Redwood National Park, with more being added each year.
Camping
Four developed campgrounds and one overnight use area are available. No trailer hook-ups exist at any RNSP campground. Campgrounds charge different rates for summer season and off season. There is a charge for each extra vehicle per site and a day use fee. Check with reservations at 1-800-444-7275 for rates.

Reservations may be made up to six months in advance by calling 1-800-444-PARK (7275). For international calls, use (916) 638-5883. For campground facilities in neighboring communities, see our lodging page for contact information.

Jedediah Smith Campground : Located along Highway 199 in Jedediah Smith Redwoods State Park. 106 RV or tent sites are available in an old-growth redwood forest. Length limit on RVs is 36 feet (12 m), 31 feet (10 m) for trailers. Restrooms, showers, dump station, bearproof lockers, and fire pits. Campfire programs, guided walks, and junior ranger programs offered.

Mill Creek Campground : SUMMER ONLY : Located six miles south of Crescent City off Highway 101 in Del Norte Coast Redwoods State Park. 145 RV or tent sites are available in a second-growth redwood forest. Length limit on RVs is 31 feet (10 m), 27 feet (9 m) for trailers. Restrooms, showers, dump station, bearproof lockers, and fire pits. Campfire programs, guided walks, and junior ranger programs offered.

Elk Prairie Campground : Located off Highway 101 and on Newton B. Drury Scenic Parkway in Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park. 75 RV or tent sites are available next to a prairie and an old-growth redwood forest. Length limit on RVs is 27 feet (9 m), 24 feet (8 m) for trailers. Restrooms, showers, dump station, bearproof lockers, and fire pits. Campfire programs, guided walks, and junior ranger programs offered.

Gold Bluffs Beach Campground : No reservations. FIRST-COME, FIRST-SERVED. Located in Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park at the end of Davison Road (off Highway 101). 25 RV sites are available on the beach, however RVs must be less than 24 feet ( 8 m) long and no more than eight feet (2-? m) wide. 29 tent sites are available on the beach. Restrooms, solar showers, and fire pits. Campfire programs offered.


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Trails
Biking:

RNSP contains 51 miles (76 km) of bike trails and 41 miles (66 km) of horse trails. Permits are required at some backcountry camps and are available at park visitor centers.

Bike trails include:

Lost Man Creek Trail - 11 miles (18 km) one way

Coastal Trail (Last Chance section) - 6 miles (10 km) one way

Little Bald Hills Trail - 8 miles (13 km) one way

Ossagon Trail Loop - 19-mile (30-km) loop

Davison Road - 8 miles (13 km) one way

Davison Trail - 7-? mile (13 km) loop using Streelow Creek Trail (Jogging Trail) and Davison Road

If you bring your bicycle: Bicycles are allowed only on designated trails and bicyclists under 18 must wear a helmet

Hiking:

Walking through a redwood grove on a fog-shrouded morning can be an unforgettable experience. Sounds are reduced to the musical gurgle of water trickling amongst ferns and mossy rocks. Light ebbs with the somber mist and shafts of sun hang like cobwebs. Stillness and peace weave their spells upon the respectful traveler.

We invite you to walk, hike, bike, or horseback ride when you visit RNSP. Over 200 miles of trails weave through a variety of environments, including prairies, old-growth redwood forests, and beaches. Whether it's a day hike or backpack trip you are interested in, there is something available.

Elevations at RNSP range from sea level to just over 3,000 feet (1,000 m). Consistently mild temperatures make year-round exploration a possibility. Be aware that trails in the redwoods are often wet and slippery, so bring rain gear for your hike. In winter, the Redwood Creek and Trestle trails may be difficult or impossible to use. Temporary bridges open these trails in summer but are removed for the rainy season. Access to Stout Grove from Jedediah Smith Redwoods State Park campground exists only in the summer via seasonal bridges.

Backpacking:

Seeing a park by automobile isn't for everybody. For those who crave quiet hours on the trail, a starlit sky at night, and sleeping to the sound of crashing waves, the parks have much to offer. RNSP contains nearly 200 miles (320 km) of walking and hiking trails. Several excellent backpacking opportunities await those who would like to see the parks on foot.

These trails traverse a wide variety of natural habitats: old-growth redwood forests, mixed evergreen forests, coastal scrub, prairies, streams, marshes, and unspoiled beaches. Backpackers stay in designated campsites except along the Redwood Creek gravel bars. Enjoy the forest or ocean for 5 consecutive days; 15 in a calendar year. You can camp along Redwood Creek's gravel bars beyond the first seasonal bridge and no closer than within 1/4 mile of Tall Trees Grove.
Nature Programs
Junior Ranger Program:

Explore the redwood forest, slippery tidepools, vast open prairies, and more! Redwood National and State Parks has a Junior Ranger activity newspaper for children 7-12 years old. One potential junior ranger per activity paper can earn a patch OR a sticker. To earn a patch, 10-12 years olds complete six activity pages and 7-9 year olds complete four activities pages (two must be "in-park" activities marked by a star); in addition, each child will collect a bag of litter, attend a ranger program or hike a trail, write down one park rule, and understand and sign the Junior Ranger Pledge. To earn a sticker, each potential junior ranger must complete three activities, collect a bag of litter, write down one park rule, and understand and sign the Junior Ranger Pledge. Be a Redwood Junior Ranger!
Area Attractions
National Park Service Areas:

Crater Lake National Park, 140 miles.

Golden Gate National Recreation Area, 320 miles.

Lassen Volcanic National Park, 230 miles.

Oregon Caves National Monument, 60 miles.

Yosemite National Park, 470 miles.

Other Attractions:

Del Norte County Historical Society, (707) 464-3922.

Battery Point Lighthouse Museum, (707) 464-3089.

Northcoast Marine Mammal Center, (707) 465-6265.
Visitor Comments, Memories and Reviews
May 11 Perfect Day Trip by Jim
Short trails through beautiful groves, not too crowded on a Saturday morning, bring a coat. I like the idea of letting the entrance roads develop potholes instead of building speed bumps. Unfortunately a bridge to a large section of the park was down.


Area Campgrounds

Mystic Forest RV Park
15875 Highway 101
Klamath, CA
707-482-4901


Hiouchi RV Resort
2000 US Highway 199
Crescent City, CA
707-458-3321


Village Camper Inn
1543 Parkway Drive
Crescent City, CA
707-464-3544


Salmon Harbor Resort
200 Salmon Harbor Road
Smith River, CA
707-487-3341


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Directions
Plane : Crescent City Airport, 202 Dale Rupert Road, Crescent City, (707) 464-7311, United Express. Eureka-Arcata Airport, Arcata, United Express, 1-800-241-6522 or Horizon, 1-800-225-2752.

Car : Redwood National and State Parks are along US Highways 101 and 199. From 101, access additional park sites via the Bald Hills Road, Davison Road, Newton B. Drury Scenic Parkway, Coastal Drive, Requa Road, and Enderts Beach Road (south to north). From 199, take South Fork Road to Howland Hill Road.

Public Transportation : Greyhound Bus Lines, 1-800-231-2222. Redwood Coast Transit travels from Crescent City to Klamath, (707) 464-9314.

USA Parks
California
Northern California Region
Redwood National Park
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