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USA Parks
USA Parks
South-Central Region
South-Central Region
Caledonia State Park
Caledonia State Park
101 Pine Grove Road
Fayetteville, Pennsylvania   17222

Phone: 717-352-2161
Toll Free: 888-727-2757
Reservations: 888-727-2757
Caledonia State Park

Caledonia State Park

Caledonia State Park

Caledonia State Park

Caledonia State Park

Caledonia State Park
© Copyright Ericseyes


Caledonia State Park
© Copyright Ericseyes


Caledonia State Park

The 1,125-acre Caledonia State Park is in Adams and Franklin counties, midway between Chambersburg and Gettysburg on US 30. Caledonia is in the northernmost section of the Blue Ridge Mountains known locally as South Mountain. Blue Mountain, the easternmost ridge of the Allegheny Mountains, is to the west and northwest of the park across a large low, rolling, fertile valley known as the Great Valley. South Mountain is mostly composed of a hard rock called quartzite. The valleys on either side are underlined with limestone and shale. The soil is ideal for fruit production, proven by the abundance of orchards in the surrounding area.
History of the Area
The park is named for Thaddeus Stevens? charcoal iron furnace, named Caledonia, which began operation in 1837. The scenic watercourse along PA 233 was once the millrace that operated the furnace waterwheel.

The Honorable Thaddeus Stevens was born in Caledonia County, Vermont. Caledonia is the name given to ancient Scotland by the invading Romans. Thaddeus Stevens became a famous abolitionist, statesman and father of the public school system in Pennsylvania.

In June of 1863, Confederate cavalry under the command of General J. A. Early destroyed the iron furnace. Historians theorize that the furnace was destroyed not just to slow the industrial power of the northern states, but also because of Stevens? views opposing slavery.

Pastures were used as field hospitals for the wounded taken from the Gettysburg Battlefield. Today they are playfields for visiting children.

The iron furnace changed hands numerous times after Stevens? death. In 1902, the land was sold to the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. The Chambersburg and Gettysburg Trolley Company leased the park and built a trolley through what is now the day-use area. The company built various amusements in the park. In 1922, Robert Miller built a nine-hole golf course. This popular, challenging course now has 18 holes.

In 1927, the Pennsylvania Alpine Club reconstructed the stack of the old furnace as a reduced scale monument. The reconstructed stack and blacksmith shop are the only visible reminders of the early iron works.

In 1933, the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) built a camp in Scotland, PA, and worked building roads and recreational facilities.
A total of 184 tent and trailer sites are available in two campgrounds. The camping season opens the second Friday in April and ends after deer season in December. The campground has flush toilets, hot showers and a sanitary dump station. The Hosack Run Campground has sites with electricity and accessible campsites.

Organized Group Tenting:

Organized adult and youth groups of up to 100 people can rent this modern area, which is open is open from the 2nd Friday in April to the 3rd Sunday in October. There are flush toilets, picnic tables and fire rings. Advance reservations are required.
Two homes are available for rental year-round. One cabin is a 1?-story frame house with a modern kitchen, bathroom, dining room, living room, central heat and three bedrooms that sleep ten people. The second cabin is a two-story frame house with a modern kitchen, closed-in porch, 1? baths, dining room, living room, central heat and three bedrooms that sleep ten people.
Nearby Accommodations
The Brickhouse Inn - Gettysburg, PABBs / Inns
Gracious accommodations and in-town convenience are the perfect combination for your stay in Gettysbug. 1898 brick Victorian in historic district. Walk to battlefield, restaurants, shops.
14.7 miles from park*
May 30
Blacksmith Shop
Before we were a state park, this ironworks was used as a conduit for the Underground Railroad. Come and learn about charcoal, slag, and Caledonia's role in the Civil War. This building witnessed General Lee's Army of Northern Virginia marching east on route 30 to the village of Gettysburg. This is open every Saturday until Labor Day weekend.

May 30
Raccoon Run Trail
This is an old section of the Appalachian Trail from when the trail was re-routed to the top of Rocky Mountain ridge in 1989. We will walk past log cabins built during the 1930s when the Chestnut blight damaged our forests. Meet at the Blacksmith Shop for this three mile hike. This guided hike is offered every Saturday until Labor Day weekend.

May 31
Blacksmith Shop
Thousands of confederates poured through this gap on the way to an obscure town called Gettysburg. Find out about Thaddeus Stevens and the hidden history of Caledonia Ironworks. The Blacksmith Shop will be open every Sunday from 2pm to 4pm until Labor Day weekend.

June 5
1864 - Shadow of Death
Grant battles Lee in the Wilderness, and then lays siege to Petersburg. Meanwhile, Sherman is marching across Georgia with a policy of total war. The Union is clearly on the ascendency as Southern resistence begins to fall. Join us at the amphitheater. Bring a flashlight.*

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The park features a large, ADA accessible swimming pool with a small snack bar. The pool is open 11 a.m. to 7 p.m. from Memorial Day weekend to Labor Day, unless posted otherwise. Fee charged for pool use.

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More than 450 picnic tables are provided for year-round use. Two picnic pavilions may be reserved up to 11 months in advance for a fee. Unreserved picnic pavilions are free on a first-come, first-served basis.
Area Attractions
For information on other tourist attractions in the area contact either the Gettysburg Convention and Visitors Bureau, 717-334-2100,, or

Pennsylvania?s Capital Region Visitors Bureau, 800-995-0969.

Michaux State Forest: This 83,949-acre forest features hunting, fishing and general outdoor recreation. 717-352-2211

Gettysburg National Military Park: This historic military site is operated by the National Park Service and preserves and explains the events that occurred on the Gettysburg Battlefield during the Civil War, 717-334-1124.
Visitor Comments, Memories and Reviews
July 7 We Love IT by Gayle and Ike
My husband/friends have been camping there for several years. We love it, the restrooms are kept up and the Rangers are all helpful. We have been going 9 or more times per summer.
June 30 One of the best!! by pavic30
Had a scout sleepover weekend at the organized tent camping area. Very clean, lots of space and the kids loved it!! Close to Gettysburg...saved us a ton of money camping and then touring the battlefields. One of the best parks I have ever seen!!
June 15 awsome park
swimming some of the best mountainbiking around, hiking is also A+ fishing boating so much to do or not do nothin at all ... and the scenery is sweet...
June 13 Best Place Ever... by Teresa,James Jackson
We had Our HoneyMoon Here and it was so much fun and we plan to come back each chance we get Thanks...
August 10 Great Place
Loved this park
July 15 Great
Great plac for parties alot of space for a big amount of people
June 11 Place of memories by deb
I have been going there since i was a little girl.....i am now 53. I live in VA now but come up ever summer for family get reunions. This year there will be close to 70 of us. Perfect spot for beauty and lots of fun
June 1 A favorite place to hang out with family

Area Campgrounds
Twin Bridges Meadow Family Campgroun
1345 Twin Bridge Road
Chambersburg, PA
Gettysburg Campground
2030 Fairfield Road
Gettysburg, PA
Gettysburg KOA Kampground
20 Knox Road
Gettysburg, PA
Granite Hill Camping Resort
3340 Fairfield Road
Gettysburg, PA
Area Accommodations (over 15 miles away)
Beechmont Inn Bed Breakfast - Hanover, PABBs / Inns
Located on a tree-lined street of stately historic homes, The Beechmont has welcomed business and leisure travelers since 1986 with exceptional hospitality and thoughtful extras designed to exceed travelers needs and desires.
27.7 miles from park*
Baladerry Inn - Gettysburg, PABBs / Inns
An ideal choice for your visit to historic Gettysburg and the surrounding area. One of the most historic inns in Gettysburg, with its unique country setting at the edge of the battlefield and close proximity to the restaurants and attractions in town.
16.2 miles from park*
Weather Forecast, (17222)

USA Parks
USA Parks
South-Central Region
South-Central Region
Caledonia State Park
Caledonia State Park